Brocker.Org: Robots may well be saving the entire world from a demographic catastrophe


Huang Chung Chih

An aging inhabitants and its destructive implications for the international financial system has been a fret among economists for some time now.

A shrinking operating-age inhabitants, coupled with longer daily life spans and retirements, implies there will be fewer operating people today around to carry the load of supporting a larger non-operating inhabitants.

The entire world inhabitants above 65 a long time old will shortly be larger than the inhabitants below five years old, according to the US Census Bureau.

All this gloomy information about a demographic catastrophe, on the other hand, may well not be as big of a problem as feared, considering the fact that an growing older inhabitants does not necessarily guide to slower development. Which is according to analysis by Daron Acemoglu and Pascual Restrepo from the Massachusetts Institute of Know-how.

“There is no evidence of a destructive connection between growing older and GDP for every capita,” they wrote in a paper entitled “Secular Stagnation? The Outcome of Growing old on Economic Advancement in the Age of Automation.” The paper carries on, “On the opposite, the connection is considerably positive in quite a few requirements.”

“Due to the fact the early 1990s or 2000s, the intervals usually viewed as the beginning of the adverse effects of growing older in a great deal of the superior entire world, there is no destructive affiliation between growing older and decrease GDP for every capita,” they discover in their analysis.

The authors say this could be be due to the elevated adoption of technology. “This counterintuitive finding may well reflect the additional fast adoption of automation technologies in nations around the world undergoing additional pronounced demographic adjustments,” they said, which includes a chart showing the connection between growing older populations and adoption of robots:

Screen Shot 2017 03 08 at 2.15.00 PMMIT

In fact, the increasing scarcity of labor owing to growing older may well truly be spurring the elevated adoption of labor-saving technology. “A shortage of youthful and middle-aged employees can induce so a great deal additional adoption of new automation technologies that the destructive effects of labor scarcity could be completely neutralized or even reversed,” they notice.